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Stewart Island, Southland, New Zealand (-46.98672 167.88214)
Although the clay soil is not very fertile, the high rainfall and warm weather mean that the island is densely forested throughout. Native plants include the world's southernmost dense forest of podocarps (southern conifers) and hardwoods such as rātā and kāmahi in the lowland areas with mānuka shrubland at higher elevations. The trees are thought to have become established here since the last ice age from seeds brought across the strait by seabirds, which would explain why the beech trees that are so common in New Zealand, but whose seeds are dispersed by the wind rather than birds, are not found on Stewart Island.
Christchurch, Beachville Road, Redcliffs, Lyttelton, Christchurch City, Canterbury, 8081, New Zealand (-43.51048 172.58113)
Coordinates: -43.62920 172.39302 -43.38909 172.82163 - Minimum elevation: 0 m - Maximum elevation: 915 m - Average elevation: 77 m